(1) Programme Aims:
The broad aims of the Programme are as follows:
1. A detailed study of macroscopic and microscopic changes of basic pathologic processes and disease processes of all body systems, the relationship to the underlying pathogenesis must be discussed in full details.
2. Postgraduate students attend the lectures and laboratory classes, but are required to study the subject in greater depth than undergraduates through additional directed reading.
3. Examination and diagnosis of pathology slides stained by routine stain, request special stains and immunohistochemical staining that help to reach the correct diagnosis.
List and describe different diagnostic tools and demonstrate detailed knowledge of the use of ancillary techniques in histopathology and cytopathology.
Interpretation of lab. and other relevant investigation and relate the result to underlying pathology. Training for introducing specific presentations.
Postgraduate students attend written and practical examination and separate thesis at the end of the
8. Perform scientific research and community service provided by the pathology department.
9. Able to write an appropriate report for a full range of histopathology and cytopathology.
Within the overall aim, the objectives of the programme are as follows:
2. 3. 4. 5.
Study of the basic pathological processes and special diseases affecting different body systems and
understanding their pathogenesis and morphological manifestations at the molecular, cellular, tissue, organs,
and whole body levels.
Explain main clinical problems by the underlying pathological process.
Study applied pathology (clinico-pathological correlation).
Examination of pathologic slide, provide a differential diagnosis, and reach the correct diagnosis. Aware of special staining and immunohistochemistry that help in reaching the correct diagnosis.
6. Study of special diagnostic techniques in surgical pathology (Light, Fluorescence, electron microscopy; immunohistochemsirty; Flocytometry; Cytogenetic analysis; and molecular pathology methods).
Intended Learning Outcomes (ILOs):
Intended learning outcomes (ILOs); Are four main categories: knowledge & understanding to be gained, intellectual qualities, professional/practical and transferable skills.
On successful completion of the programme, the candidate will be able to:
A- Knowledge and Understanding
A1 To define the principles and concepts of medical ethics and medical malpractice.
A2 Know basic pathology processes and relate structural and functional changes and the associated clinical manifestations
A3 Know the general pathological features of inflammation, tissue repair, cell injury and cell death
A4 Recognize different forms of circulatory disturbances and their underlying pathogenesis
A5 Recognize types of immune cells, types, pathogenesis and examples of different types of hypersensitivity reactions and autoimmunity
A6 Identify types, pathogenesis and clinical features of different genetic disorders and Recognize
methods of diagnosis of genetic disorders
A7 Know and translate different techniques used in pathology
A8 Identify different aspects of infections as toxaemia, bacteraemia, septicaemia and pyaemia.
A9 Identify aetiology, pathogenesis, clinical presentation, pathological forms, macroscopic & microscopic features, fate and
complications of tuberculosis.
A10 Recognize aetiology, pathogenesis, clinical features and diagnosis of syphilis.
A11 Know mechanisms of viral cytotoxicity and morphological features of some of viral infection A12 Recognize pathological features of various mycotic and parasitic diseases.
2- Intellectual activities (I)
The Postgraduate Degree provides opportunities for candidates to achieve and demonstrate the following intellectual qualities:
A13 Identify pathological features of some bacterial infections as staph., strept.,
A14 Recognize different environmental diseases as tobacco smoking, alcohol consumption, exposure to irradiation, nutritional disorders and
A15 Recognize common diseases of infancy and childhood as congenital anomalies, prematurity, tumors (as
A16 Know different patterns of cellular adaptation as atrophy, hypertrophy, metaplasia and dysplasia and recognize the growth disturbances as hamartomas and differentiate detween benign and malignant tumors
A17 Identify steps of carcinogenesis and their molecular basis with explanation of the underlying disturbances in proto-oncogenes, tumor
suppressor genes and DNA repair genes
A18 Describe the morphological features of different types of tumors
A19 Describe and discuss characteristic morphological pattern (macroscopic and microscopic) of different pathologic lesions within different body systems and their underlying pathogenesis and molecular basis such as:
• Respiratory system & mediastinum
• Endocrine system (thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal gland, pancreas, pituitary gland) • Gastrointestinal tract, peritoneum & retroperitoneum
• Hepatobiliary system
• Genital system (male & female)
• Urinary tract system
• Breast diseases
• Hematopoeitic system (lymph nodes, spleen, bone marrow)
• Central nervous system, peripheral nerves and muscles
• Ocular diseases
• Diseases of the ear
A20 Know the fate and complications of different disease processes
A21 Know cytopathology, immunity and tumor immunity & immunohistochemistry in full details and know diagnostic tools in pathology.
B- Intellectual skills
B1 Demonstrate the morphological manifestations of almost all diseases at macroscopic and microscopic level. B2 Formulate the basis of morphological and clinical observation in terms of pathological mechanisms occurring at the molecular, cellular, tissue, organ, and whole body levels.
B3 Analyse these observations for formulating
differential diagnosis. B4 Perform a differential
diagnosis to reach the accurate diagnosis.
B5 Illustrate information regarding disease to undergraduate students, colleges, and staff members. B6 Perform scientific research and community service provided by the pathology department
C- Professional/practical skills
C1 Identify and explain the clinical manifestations of disease and investigation results in terms of underlying pathology.
C2 Perform a differential diagnosis to reach a preferred or definitive diagnosis.
C3 Identify different tools in diagnostic pathology including the ancillary techniques such as immunohistochemistry, flow cytometry &
C4 Perform an appropriate report for a full range of histopathology and cytopathology specimens. C5 Recognize and apply appropriate professional attitudes and problem solving skills.
C6 Perform scientific research.
D- Communication & Transferable skills
D1 Recognize cytological preparations and tissue sections of the diseased organs and systems of the body D2 Present and respond properly when solving problems.
D3 Work within a team and communicate ideas
and arguments effectively. D4 Present
D5 Develop experience of teaching histopathology.
(3) Academic standards:
Academic standards for the programme are attached in Appendix I. in which NARS issued by the National Authority for Quality Assurance & Accreditation in Education are used. External reference points/Benchmarks are attached in Appendix II.
3.a- External reference points/benchmarks are selected to confirm the appropriateness of the objectives, ILOs and structure of assessment of the programme:
o Benchmark / External reference point o Website:
3.b- Comparison of the specification to the selected external reference/ benchmark:
Many programme aims of the postgraduate training of the Benchmark are covered by the current programme.
1-Transfusion Medicine and Coagulation
Residents on the core Transfusion Medicine and Coagulation rotation at the hospital participate in the management of the blood bank and handle daytime transfusion calls from many locations within the health system. Additional responsibilities include managing the therapeutic apheresis unit and formal interpretation of special coagulation testing results.
2-Clinical Chemistry (Core Rotation)
Residents on the core Clinical Chemistry rotation at the hospital serve as laboratory consultants for clinicians and technicians, participate in one-on-one didactic sessions with Chemistry faculty, and perform active bench rotations.
3 – Microbiology
Residents on the core Medical Microbiology rotation at the hospital calls from clinicians and technicians, participate in daily laboratory rounds with clinicians and clinical pathologists, and perform active bench rotations. Joint faculty teaching didactics and weekly case presentations also contribute to a unique microbiology experience.
4 – Hematopathology (Core Rotation)
Residents on the core Hematopathology rotation at the hospital participate in analysis of morphologic preparations, flow cytometric immunophenotyping, molecular testing, and cytogenetic findings from patients in the active hematology-oncology and bone marrow transplant services.
5 – Molecular Diagnostics
Residents in the molecular diagnostics laboratory at the hospital receive in-depth training in the molecular aspects of microbiology, hematopathology, and solid tumors. The molecular diagnostics laboratory is a high-volume, state of the art lab offering routine molecular testing as well as next generation sequencing and genomic assays.
6- Additional upper level rotations include a dedicated laboratory administration rotation, general CP , HLA laboratory, immunology, flow cytometry, and upper-level versions of any of the core laboratory rotations.